In a study conducted by the Agustin Codazzi Geographic Institute (IGAC) to determine which part of Colombia has the best land for various crops growth, of the more than 110 million hectares available, the department of Vichada (with its more than 10 million hectares) has the best soil.
In other words, 14.8% of Vichada has the best soils to produce in the country. More specifically, the department has some 1,480,000 hectares “with special features for crops,” according to IGAC.
Antioquia took second place with over 1,280,000 hectares of arable land, making up 20.3% of the entire department.
Following the top two, Meta had 1,079,766 arable hectares (12.6% of the department), Magdalena 996,031 hectares (43% of its territory), and Córdoba in fifth place with 901,799 hectares (36%).
According to IGAC director Juan Antonio Nieto Escalante, the national government is working to identify the most productive soils in the country in order to establish the most suitable types of crops for the future, also taking into account such concerns as depletion of natural resources and adapting to climate change.
“It is essential to promote productive development in these areas in a sustainable manner, as they represent the country’s food security,” Escalante said.