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Uruguay Facts and Figures

Facts and Figures About Uruguay

There are many interesting facts about Uruguay. Some might come as no surprise, while others will probably leave you scratching your head.

Fact #1: If you’re a fan of soccer (futbol) than you will be happy to know that the inaugural FIFA World Cup was held in Uruguay back in 1930. They also happened to win.

Fact #2: When people think of Uruguay they often think of farming, in particular cattle. In fact, the country has 3 times as many cows as they do people!

Fact #3: Sheep also outnumber people in Uruguay. Great news for those who enjoy the warm feel of a wool sweater.

Fact #4: Uruguay legalized same-sex marriage in 2013, becoming only the 20th country to do so at that time.

Fact #5: Uruguay has a very high literacy rate, not just for South America, but the entire world. A 2015 estimate by UNESCO has literacy at 98.4%.

Fact #6: In December 2013, marijuana trade became legalized in Uruguay. Costs remain very low for the product, however quality is also regarded as being very low-quality, as well.

Fact #7: Size doesn’t really matter. Uruguay is the second smallest country in South America.

Fact #8: Over 50% of Uruguay’s population lives in the capital city of Montevideo.

Fact #9: Uruguay’s former President Jose Mujica was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize in 2014.

Figures on Uruguay

Metrics For UruguayFigures
Population3,351,016 (July 2016 est.)
Gross Domestic Product PPP (GDP)US$71.43 billion (2015 est.)
GDP Per CapitaUS$21,500 (2015 est.)
Inflation Rate8.7% (2015 est.)
CurrencyUruguayan Peso (UYU)
Exchange Rate Versus U.S. Dollar29.14 pesos per U.S. dollar (Nov. 21, 2016)
LanguageSpanish, Portunol, Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)
Population of Capital City1.707 million (2015)
Time ZoneUTC – 3
SeasonsTemperate. Warm summers and cold winters.
International Dialing Code598
Electricity220V / 50 Hz. Plug Type: C, F, I, L
System of GovernmentConstitutional Republic
Current LeaderPresident Tabaré Vázquez (since March 1, 2015)
Restrictions on Foreign Ownership of PropertyNone
Local Chamber of
Rincon 454 P.2
Montevideo 11000
Tel: 598-2-916-12-77
American Chamber of
Plaza Indepencia 831
Office 209
Montevideo 11000
Tel: 598-2-908-91-86
Primary ExportsBeef, soybeans, cellulose, wheat, rice, wood, wool, dairy products.
Residency and Visa RequirementsTourist Visa: automatic 90 days upon entry.

Residency: Unlike most countries, the Uruguayan residency process is designed to take place in Uruguay, not at a consulate overseas. So you come to Uruguay and petition for residency in-country. The process for obtaining residency is fairly straightforward, with low qualifying thresholds.

Citizenship:After legal residence for five years if you practice any art, science, or industry in Uruguay.

More on Visas, Residency, and Citizenship in Uruguay

Special Benefits for Foreign Residents or RetireesUruguay offers a number of advantages as a place of residency and as a tax domicile, as foreign residents have the same rights as citizens and Uruguay does not tax worldwide income. You get your residency card near the beginning of the process, rather than at the end. So you can enjoy all the benefits of being a Uruguayan resident while you wait.
National AirlinePLUNA

More Resources From Uruguay