Belize is located in northern Central America, bordered by the Caribean Sea to the East, Mexico to the North, and Guatemala to the South and West.
Above all, Belize is a small country. A land mass of 8,867 square miles makes it roughly the same size as Massachusetts. And, Belize’s location gives access to different landscapes.
The country is approximately 180 miles from North to South and 70 miles from East to West. Although small in size, it is rather diverse in environment.
The Northern half of Belize is more flatlands whereas the Southern half is a low mountain range.
The Maya Mountains, as they are known, reach a little over 3,500 feet above sea level at their highest.
Above all, Belize is a narrow country with a mountain range along its western border and the Caribbean Sea as an eastern border. These conditions combine to create weather variations.
So, as you go further south in Belize, annual precipitation increases drastically. It is this rain which gives southern Belize its lush tropical rain forests.
Just offshore from the mainland, Belize has the second-largest barrier reef in the world, including the famous underwater atoll, known as the Great Blue Hole.
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The Belize Barrier Reef is the second-largest reef system in the world. Plus, it’s home to hundreds of species of coral, fish, turtles, molluscs and marine mammals.
The Belize Barrier Reef stretches for 190 miles along the coast. It’s the largest reef system in the Northern Hemisphere.